:: Biography of Maulana Muhammad Yusuf Kandhlavi; Second Ameer of Tableeghi Jamaat

Sheikh Muhammad Yusuf Al-Kandhlawi was born on 25 Jumada I, 1335 H, corresponding to 20 March 1917 at Kandahla in India. His family was well-known for its Islamic scholarship and total devotion. His father, Sheikh Muhammad Ilyas Al-Kandhlawi (d. 1943), played an important role in the reform movement led by two scholars, Ahmad ibn Irfan and Muhammad Ismaeel, both of whom were to be martyrs. The reform movement aimed to remove all deviation from people’s beliefs and return them to the pure Islamic faith. Several scholars in his family studied under Sheikh Abd Al-Azeez ibn Ahmad ibn Abd Al-Raheem Al-Dahlawi, a highly reputable scholar of Hadith. Indeed the family produced a long line of famous scholars who were devoted to the study of Hadith and Fiqh, as well as other Islamic studies.

Paternal lineage:

Maulana Muhammad Yusuf son of Maulana Muhammad Ilyas son of Maulana Muhammad Ismail son of Shaikh Ghulam Hussein son of Hakim Karim Baksh son of Hakeem Ghulam Mohi-uddin son of Maulana Muhammad Sajid son of Maulana Muhammad Faiz son of Maulana Hakeem Muhammad Sharif son of Maulana Hakim Muhammad Ashraf son of Shaikh Jamal Muhammad Shah son of Shaikh Noor Muhammad son of Shaikh Baha-uddin Shah son of Maulana Shaikh Muhammad son of Shaikh Muhammad Fazil son of Shaikh Qutb Shah.

Maternal lineage:

His mother daughter of Maulvi Rauful Hasan son of Maulana Zia-ul-Hasan son of Maulana Noorul Hasan son of Maulana Abul Hasan son of Mufti Ilahi Baksh son of Maulana Shaikhul Islam son of Hakim Qutbuddin son of Hakim Abdul Qadir son of Maulana Hakeem Muhammad Sharif son of Maulana Hakim Muhammad Ashraf son of Shaikh Jamal Muhammad Shah son of Shaikh Noor Muhammad son of Shaikh Baha-uddin Shah son of Maulana Shaikh Muhammad son of Shaikh Muhammad Fazil son of Shaikh Qutb Shah

The paternal and maternal families of Maulana Yusuf Saheb come together in Hakeem Muhammad Sharif. Then the family traces their lineage back to Ameerul Mumineen Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (Radhi Allahu Anhu). These two families were residing in the villages of Kandhala and Jinhjana. They were famous for their religiousness, knowledge and piety.

Childhood & Early Education:

Maulana Muhammad Yusuf Saheb was born in such an environment in which the attainment of piety was the purpose of one and all. The whole family was ingrained with spirituality and nearness to Allah. It was a family of Scholars, Huffaz, and Soofia. Memorizing the Quran had been the common practice of all men and women of this noble family. The women of the house used to keep themselves busy in the recitation of the Quran, optional prayer, studying of religious books and rememberance of Allah. Inside the family, there were numerous renowned scholars.

Scholars such as Maulana Muhammad Saheb, Maulana Muhammad Yahya, Maulana Muhammad Ilyas, Maulana Muhammad Ihtishamul Hasan, Maulana Muhammad Zakariyyah were all members of this outstanding family in which Maulana Yusuf Saheb was nurtured in.

As a young boy, Muhammad Yusuf Al-Kandhlawi showed very early promise. Indeed, he completed the memorization of the Qur’an when he was only 10 years of age. He then completed his primary education and studied Hadith, starting with the six main authentic collections, under his father. He then undertook a more specialized study of Hadith under the distinguished scholars of Mazahir Al-Uloom, a specialized school which placed particular emphasis on the study of Hadith, and trained its students in the art of Islamic advocacy. During his attendance at this school he particularly benefited from studying under his cousin, Sheikh Muhammad Zakariya Al-Kandhlawi, one of the top scholars of Hadith in the Muslim world in the twentieth century. He graduated from this school at the age of 20, in 1355 H.

“The lap of the mother is the child’s first madrassa (school).” This saying is very true, training of the children at home forms the foundation of their beliefs, character and personality. The training and education Maulana Yusuf Saheb had at home was similar to that of the training the Muslim women in the time of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) used to give to their children. Each women of that household was ready to give her son for the work of Rasulullah (SAW). The stories of the companions of Rasulullah (SAW) had replaced the fairy tales in those homes. The lesson of the heroic freedom movement of Maulana Syed Ahmed Shaheed and Shah Ismail Shaheed had become so common in those homes, that when Maulana Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi wrote the detailed biography of Hazrat Syed Ahmed Shaheed, Maulana Ilyas Saheb did not find anything new in that biography.

Maulana Yusuf Saheb memorized the Quran at the age of ten from Hafiz Imam Khan Mewati. It was a blessing and a bounty of Allah on Maulana Yusuf Saheb that right from the very beginning the elders of that time had great concern and interest in him. Maulana Syed Ahmed Saheb Faizabadi, the elder brother of Hazrat Maulana Syed Hussein Ahmed Madni, sent an honorary degree to Maulana Yusuf Saheb commemorating his memorization of the Quran.

Hazrat Maulana Khaleel Ahmed Saheb Saharanpuri, who is the Khalifah of Hazrat Maulana Rashid Ahmed Gangohi and the Sheikh of Hazrat Maulana Ilyas Saheb and Maulana Zakariyya Saheb had great affection for the young Maulana Yusuf Saheb. Although, Maulana Yusuf Saheb was about ten years at the time of Hazrat Saharanpuri’s death, they had still shared tremendous love. Maulana Yusuf Saheb would call Hazrat Saharanpuri as “abba” (father in Urdu). Once, Maulana Yusuf Saheb rejected eating the bread cooked by the servant of Hazrat Saharanpuri and insisted on eating bread baked by Hazrat Saharanpuri himself. Hazrat Saharanpuri then went in the kitchen and cooked the bread with his own hands and fed Maulana Yusuf with his own hands as well.

Dedication to Tableegh & Arabs:

It was his father, Sheikh Muhammad Ilyas Al-Kandhlawi, who established an organization dedicated to Islamic advocacy. Its members devote a good portion of their time to travel and educating Muslim people in their faith, trying also to explain Islam to others. This organization is well known as Tableegh, or Jama’at Al-Tableegh, with members in many countries of the world. An important aspect of this organization is that it does not concern itself with politics in any way. It is dedicated to Islamic propagation and advocacy.

Sheikh Muhammad Yusuf Al-Kandhlawi began his scholarly career in teaching and writing. However, after consulting several scholars and figures of the Tableegh, his father entrusted to him the leadership of Tableegh as he sensed his approaching death. Al-Kandhlawi dedicated himself to this task which practically filled every day of his life. He traveled all over the Indian Subcontinent giving lectures and speeches and holding circles advocating a return to the pure faith of Islam, which should be implemented in people’s life.

Al-Kandhlawi believed that the Arabs must always take the leading role in Islamic advocacy, because they were the people chosen by God for this task as He revealed His final message in their language. Hence he was keen to spread his efforts and the Tableegh work to Arab countries.

He also realized that the best centers to spread this work were Makkah and Madinah, regularly visited by pilgrims from all over the Muslim world.

Therefore, he gave particular attention to educating Indian and Pakistani pilgrims, speaking to them at the ports of Bombay and Karachi, before embarking on their journey.

He would teach them the proper way of performing their pilgrimage rituals, and educate them in the need for Islamic advocacy. Thus, he was able to form groups of advocates from the pilgrims. These groups undertook the task of speaking to other pilgrims in the Grand Mosques in Makkah and Madinah. This generated interest among pilgrims of other countries who approached al-Kandhlawi to send groups to their areas. He responded to their requests and the Tableegh work began to take roots in several Arab countries.

Al-Kandhlawi traveled a great deal to promote the Tableegh work of Islamic advocacy. He made numerous trips to Pakistan where he held heavily attended functions, which contributed to the Tableegh organization taking strong roots in that country. His first pilgrimage was in the company of his father, before he took over the Tableegh. In his second pilgrimage, undertaken in 1374 H, 1954, in the company of Sheikh Hussain Ahmad Madani, a famous Hadith scholar, he met many Saudi scholars and discussed with them the issues and problems of Islamic advocacy and propagation. He made his final pilgrimage one year before his death, in 1383, where he held an endless series of meetings with scholars from all over the Muslim world, and was keen to meet as many Saudi scholars as possible.

Scholarly Work:

Despite his total dedication to the Tableegh work, which took much of his time, Al-Kandhlawi was able to write and his writings reflect his broad knowledge, particularly in Hadith and in the history of the Prophet and his companions. Two books feature more prominently among his writings. The first is Amani Al-Ahbar Fi Sharh Ma’ani Al-Athar, which is an annotation of a major work by Imam Ahmad Al-Tahawi, a famous Egyptian scholar who lived much earlier. The book is in four large volumes.

However, his book Hayat Al-Sahabah, which may be translated as The Prophet’s Companions’ Way of Life, has earned wide acclaim and become essential reading for anyone who wishes to understand the Islamic way of life or to explain Islam to Muslims and non-Muslims. In this book, Al-Kandhlawi collects reports mentioned in books of Hadith, history and biographies about the Prophet himself and his companions.

It highlights the aspects related to Islamic propagation and advocacy. It thus reflects life at the time of the Prophet’s companions, and shows their manners, feelings and thoughts in different situations. The book was published in Arabic in three volumes many times by different publishers. It has more recently been published, with annotation, in four large volumes, with two introductions by two highly reputable scholars, Syed Abu Al-Hasan Ali Nadwi, and Sheikh Abd Al-Fattah Abu Ghuddah.

Passing Away:

In 1965, Al-Kandhlawi made a long trip to Pakistan, where he traveled throughout the country, giving a long series of lectures and speeches, and holding a continuous series of meetings, with people from all strata of Pakistani society. Although he was not feeling well at the start of his trip, he continued with his heavy schedule, paying little attention to his deteriorating condition. On the final day of his trip, he was scheduled to give a major speech in Lahore, and although he was too ill to give such a speech, he felt that he could not let people down.

But the speech took its toll of his health. On finishing it, he was immediately taken to hospital, but he died on his way there, at the age of 48. His body was airlifted at night to Delhi, where his funeral was attended by tens of thousands of mourners. May God shower His mercy on him.

Source: Taken (with Thanks) from http://www.central-mosque.com


32 Responses so far »

  1. 1

    dr khalid said,

    really he was a great mujahid. May Allaah reward him for his services.

  2. 2

    ehsan said,

    nice to read the biography……..really they made a lot of mujahida for the sake of deen………

  3. 3

    Shoib said,

    Those who have real love for religion will do anything for it similar is the case with moulana. May ALLAH give us also the same love.

  4. 4

    Bandah Mohammed Sohail said,


  5. 5

    jusuf said,

    MAY ALL-LLAH GUIDE Jama’at at Tabligh TO Ahli Sunnah Wal Jamaah

  6. 6

    Mohammad Zeyaullah said,

    I have been talking for years now its the time to invite people towards ALLAH SWT but with right intention.

  7. 7

    Saharudin Omar said,

    Thank you tabligh jamaat….make effort throughout the world….

  8. 8

    Dr Ahmed said,

    Jusuf ..May Allah Deiiver u from Bidah to Islam..

  9. 9

    SHOAIB said,

    i have photos of akabireen…of our tableegh jamat…
    note my blog…

  10. 10

    Aftab ur rahman said,

    The leaders of tabligh are like shining sun.they are the true muslim,they are blessing for ummah,allah keep them in peace.

  11. 11

    abu sufiyan shamsi said,

    after 1400years the ummat is doing work in same nahaz.

  12. 12

    Shah M Rafiuddoula said,

    I like tabligh

  13. 13

    Mansoor Ahmed Sh said,

    by refrence of Hadis, ” Allah Tala will forgive all sin except Shirk ”
    Jamat Tabligh Struglle is on right way mean to call people towards Allah .

  14. 14

    obaid said,

    really he was one of the eminant person who ever welled for yhe humaniyty . it is not the coin of pocket to hav such splendid personalities in world in today s era.

  15. 15

    Suhail said,

    this is the only work which is haq and right for the whole ummat and the correct copy of qare nabuwat.

  16. 16

    Suhail Hanif frm Ahmednagar said,

    this is the only way from where u can do isla of ourself and by giving qurbani of jaan, maa, & waqt. And can increase our Iman by giving to peoples.

    • 17

      Mohammad Akaram said,

      this is the only way from where u can do isla of ourself and by giving qurbani of jaan, maa, & waqt. And can increase our Iman by giving to peoples. The Quality of Deen will enter in our life by only this practices. Every Muslim are responsible to do this work.

  17. 18

    Suhail Hanif frm Ahmednagar said,

    This is the work by which u can do isla of ourself by giving qurbani of jaan, maal , waqt & can increase Iman with amaal by giving dawah to peoples.

  18. 19

    Butterfly said,

    very good work

  19. 20

    muhaz khatib said,

    yes a great islamic scholar
    had done a lot of hardwork for islam

  20. 21

    Hiras said,

    Very nice way to change ourselves to path of allah if we do this work sincerly sake of allah allah will take work til the end

  21. 22

    suhail said,

    he is a very god

  22. 23

    suhail said,

    aapka allah ne bohat sahi ilm diya tha

  23. 24

    Vakilahmed kazi said,

    I don’t know why & how the Arabiuc word Maulana caused to have preceeded by a noun Schollar of Islam. The word Maulan stands used in holey Qur’an ” Anta Maulana Funsurna Alal ….. ” Here in this verse of holey Qur’an the word Maulan implies the meaning of “Lord” i.e. ‘Allah”. Therefore the scholars don’t merit and deserve to have addressed as Maulana for the reason aforesaid. But Molvies gladly accept to have addressed Maulana in self vanity. Even the Tableegies who have just joined and compl;eted his three days errant expects to have called Maulana. I would like to know the reason. I feel Molvi may be an appropriate word to preceed the name or noun to denote respect of learned man since thne word gives the meaning of Allah or the lord.

  24. 25

    Faruk Varachhia said,

    Faruk Varachhia

    June 25,2001 @ 10:00 p.m.

    May Allah grant him Jannatul firdose and Make his position higher and higher. What an achievement in very short of life Allah had given him.

  25. 26

    nakibazam said,

    tabligi jamat is the best way of huminity

  26. 27

    javed khan said,

    i love tabligh.i am very thanks to allah which give us this tabligh work.allah is great. i request to all muslim to join in this work earliar.

  27. 28

    muhammad yasir said,

    he done really a good job for deen may allah grant him jannatul firdos ameen ‘

  28. 29

    Asad said,

    I m nt in a position to say anything after listening molana usuf sb rahmatullah alaih ‘s journey and his sacrifice for islam and muslim ummah and upto his death.
    I luv him very much.he was really great islamic scholar .

    usuf sb rahmatullah alaih used to :
    To cry for muslim r plenty but to cry for islam is no body.

  29. 30

    kazi mahabub rahman said,

    fikir of this family about deen is upto the mark

  30. 31

    musa bojang said,

    it is the highly paid job on the surface of the earth because is the work of the prophet

  31. 32

    arsh said,

    Hey guys u know how maulana yusuf sahab (r.a) deadt when he giving bayan in lahore while speakin on iman allah show him his noor wo bardasht nahi kerseke un ki ser ki nus phat gayi aur un ka intekal bayan ke start maine hua tha aur bayan 3 hour tek chalta reha subhan allah

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