:: Plane ‘Plot’: Media Targets Tablighi Jamaat

By Yoginder Sikand

The Milli Gazette Online

19 August 2006

In the wake of recent reports about an alleged plot to blow up transatlantic planes in Britain, several newspapers have splashed stories about the possible involvement in this of the Tablighi Jamaat (TJ), the largest Islamic movement in the world, with its global headquarters in New Delhi. That, as numerous other sources are now claiming, the alleged plot may have actually been masterminded by government intelligence agencies, backed by their political masters, in Britain, America and Pakistan, is something that is completely missing in these reports. But what is even more appalling is how the alleged plot is being used to target the TJ by writers who have little or no understanding of the movement.

Having done my doctoral thesis on the TJ from the University of London in 1998 under the supervision of the well-known Islamic scholar Francis Robinson, and having published a book on the subject (‘The Origins and Development of the Tablighi Jama’at: A Cross-Country Comparative Study’, Hyderabad: Orient Longman, 2001), I feel impelled to intervene in the current debate about the TJ and its supposed links to ‘terrorism’. My basic argument is that the TJ, as a movement, is not involved in promoting ‘terrorism’ or militancy, although this does not rule out individuals using it for certain militant purposes in some isolated cases, probably without the knowledge of top TJ authorities. What this, therefore, means is that it would be grossly unfair, and also counterproductive, to target the TJ as such for the alleged misdeeds of some individuals who claim to be associated with it in some way or the other. 

But before I go on to expand this argument, it is pertinent to see precisely how some of those who have been writing on the TJ’s alleged involvement in the supposed recent plot characterize the movement. Writing in the London-based Guardian (19 August 2006), the British commentator Paul Lewis terms the TJ as a ‘fundamentalist Islamic movement, believed by western intelligence agencies to be used as a fertile recruiting ground by extremists’. He describes it as being ‘influenced by a branch of Saudi Arabian Islam known as Wahhabism’. Likewise, Sandra Laville, writing in the same newspaper (August 18, 2006), quotes the French intelligence as labelling the TJ as the ‘antechamber of fundamentalism’. She mentions the deputy chief of the American FBI’s international terrorism section as claiming that the al-Qaida network has been recruiting among TJ activists. Common to these and other such reports is the assertion that the TJ has emerged as a major source of what is routinely described in the media as ‘Islamic terrorism’. It may well be that do some TJ activists, in some places, have indeed been involved in radical religio-political movements. However, but to claim, as these reports and the intelligence sources they rely on do, that this is the policy of TJ leaders or of the movement as such is probably erroneous. Being a loosely controlled mass movement, not a rigidly controlled organization, the TJ has no fixed membership and the leaders of the movement do not exercise a total control on its activists. Any Sunni Muslim can join in the work of the movement, spending between a day and several months at a stretch in its preaching work, and then can choose to continue with the movement or dissociate from it. TJ leaders do not provide their activists any instructions or guidance on political affairs, this being left entirely to the discretion of the individuals concerned. Given the extremely fluid structure of the movement, it is possible that some Muslims might associate with the TJ while at the same time or later be involved in radical movements or militant activities, and this probably without the knowledge or permission of TJ leaders. 

 

However, the overwhelming majority of those associated with the TJ remain aloof from conventional politics, having nothing to do with any sort of militant activism. They believe that worldly woes are a divine means to test their faith and endurance and a punishment for their own sins and lack of adequate piety. Hence, they insist, rather than struggling for political power or even protesting against oppression by non-Muslims, Muslims must first devote themselves to becoming good, practicing Muslims in their own personal lives in order to win God’s pleasure. Only then might God be moved to grant them political power and also put an end to their woes. Denying any political ambitions, TJ activists often argue, ‘We talk only of the grave and the heavens above and not of the world’. This is quite the opposite of the radical Islamist approach, which aims at the capture of political power through force and violence in order to establish what is described as an ‘Islamic state’. 

The suggestion made by the commentators referred to above that the Tablighis are al-Qaeda style Islamists is also misleading. Islamists believe that acquiring political power, in order to establish an ‘Islamic state’, is the principal task for Muslims, and here they differ radically from the Tablighis. In fact, numerous Islamist groups are known to be stiffly opposed to the TJ for its presumed apoliticalness, accusing it of depoliticizing Muslims and thereby allegedly playing into the hands of what are described as the ‘enemies of Islam’. Not surprisingly, then, Islamists and the TJ have rarely enjoyed a cozy relationship. Thus, for instance, it is well-known that in the 1960s in Pakistan, President Ayub Khan deliberately sought to court the Tablighis to counteract the influence of the Islamist Jama’at-i Islami. The leading ideologue of the TJ, Maulana Zakariya Kandhwalvi, penned a tract (at the behest of Ayub Khan, some critics allege) bearing the revealing title of ‘ Finta-i Maududiyat’ (‘The Strife that is Maududism’), alleging that the Islamist vision as spelled out by the founder of the Jama’at-i Islami, Sayed Abul Ala Maududi, was anathema and not ‘Islamic’ at all! Likewise, it is known that in Israel the TJ has been allowed to freely function, while Islamist groups protesting against the Zionist occupation have been fiercely suppressed. In India, the radical Hindu chauvinist group Shiv Sena actually went out of its way in order to arrange for a massive TJ gathering in Mumbai some years ago. A book that I came across recently quoted a spokesperson of the Lashkar-e Tayyeba, a Pakistan based Islamist militant outfit, as denouncing the TJ as a tool in the hands of Jews and Hindus for allegedly denying the need for physical jihad, insisting instead that the divine rewards for that task could be had by simply participating in Tablighi preaching tours. 

The argument that the TJ is influenced by or associated with Saudi-style ‘Wahhabism’ is also erroneous. In fact, TJ missionary groups are actually prohibited from preaching in Saudi Arabia, presumably because the Saudi ‘Wahhabis’ do not believe that the TJ is really ‘Islamic’ enough. In fact, Saudi opposition to TJ ideology is so extreme that Tablighi books are not allowed to be imported into the country. 

A fatwa issued some years ago by the late Shaikh Bin Baz, chief official Saudi mufti (available online on the ‘Wahhabi’ website http://www.fatwa-online.com), bearing the revealing title ‘The Final Fatwa of Shaykh Abdul Azeez ibn Baaz Warning Against the Jamaah at-Tableegh’, clearly denounces the Tablighis as a ‘deviant’ group. Bin Baz warns his ‘Wahhabi followers, that ‘[I]t is not permissible to go with them, except for a person who has knowledge and goes with them to disapprove of what they are upon’. This is because, he argues, the Tablighis are characterized by ‘deviations, mistakes and lack of knowledge’. They represent ‘falsehood’ and are do not follow the Sunni path. 

In other words, as this fatwa indicates, Bin Baz clearly regarded the TJ propagating ‘un-Islamic’ beliefs and seems not to have even regarded them as fellow Sunnis, and hence not as proper Muslims, because for the ‘Wahhabis’ only Sunnis are Muslims. In an even more strongly worded fatwa hosted on the same site, Bin Baz went far as to denounce the Tablighis as being destined to perdition in Hell, alleging that they were ‘opposed’ to the Sunni path, and, hence, for all purposes, not Muslims at all. 

It is, of course, undeniable that some Muslim youth who join the ranks of militant Islamist groups may be associated at present or in the past with the TJ. Such may be the case with the men accused of being associated with the alleged plot to blow up the transatlantic planes, if at all that story is true and not a concoction of Western and Pakistani governments and intelligence agencies. In fact, it is likely that the powerful emotional appeal for total commitment to the faith articulated by the TJ might well enthuse some TJ activists, who see Muslims as oppressed by hostile non-Muslims, as in Iraq, Palestine and Afghanistan, to graduate on to more assertive Islamist organizations or even engage in militant activities as a means of protest or resistance, often because they find the Tablighi approach too mild and docile and politically un-involved. The point, however, is that this is probably not a result of a conscious decision or official policy of the TJ. In any case, such individuals are only a fringe minority and do not represent the movement as such. 

Media discourses about Islam, as in the case of the articles in the Guardian mentioned here, typically see acts of terror committed by some Muslims in a vacuum, ignoring the root causes of such terrorism. Such acts cannot be condoned but they must be seen, at least in part, as a response to the oppression that Muslims in many parts of the world today face, and as a protest against continuing Western imperialism and state terrorism. Adopting a purely law-and-order approach to the problem without addressing its root causes is, it must be realized, no solution at all. And targeting the TJ, the world’s largest Islamic movement, as a ‘font of terrorism’ on the basis of the alleged activities of a few individuals in some way associated with it is bound to make matters more complicated, further exacerbating the resentment and sense of persecution that many Muslims today in large parts of the world feel

44 Responses so far »

  1. 1

    Rizwan Ullah Khan said,

    Thanks for the above message, I totally agree with you. I have spent many times, a 3 days, with them. I found the best group in the world at present time who teaches each single things best for human being for the world and after this world.

  2. 2

    fuad said,

    Salam ziarah,tuan ..sila ziarah blog saya untuk tujuan muzakarah dan jangan lupa add blog saya..tq

  3. 3

    sheik khalid said,

    Thanks for the positive approach to wards tabligh, it is the only path to purify your self, make your emaan and yakeen and get connected to allah subban tala.

    ameen
    allah hafiz
    khalid

  4. 4

    Shahzad said,

    One of the best articles I’ve seen correcting many mistakes a lot of journalist are making regarding TJ. Tablighis i’ve seen are the most sincerest, law abiding, practising individuals. They are always working for the benefit of others and ask for nothing in return from them. In London, I’ve seen many people changing their lives because of the efforts of TJ.

  5. 5

    Imlaq Ahmad said,

    Dear Mr Sikand
    This is most impartial & defining article about Tablighi Jamaat. And thanks for that.
    Thanks for bringing to light the truth about TJ. I hope this willbe helpful to clear wrong impression about TJ.
    Best Regards
    Imlaq

  6. 6

    mohammad abdulla said,

    tabligh i repeat tabligh is the only way for the muslims at this point of time to regain their lost glory it is infact by virtue of this grat work that islam is surviving

  7. 7

    yunusa sokoto said,

    AlhamduliLlahi for the ni’mat of Islam.
    We cannot waste time discussing about what the media says about Tabligh.
    However, we continue to sacrifice, forebear in the path of Allah until Allah show His mercy on mankind. Media are only a response to deficiency in the life of Muslim. If Muslim live uprightly and those who are doing this work (Tabligh) continue to obey Allah and follow sunnat of my dear respected rosuluLlah (SAW), then the world would benefit from the barka of deen.

  8. 8

    abdul wali said,

    it is a workshop of human being.where it’s EMAAN and YAKEEN are repaired in accordance with the quran and hadith.above that it is the duty of every Muslim to preach their religion to every human being because of the seal of Prophethood no Prophet will come after Hazrat Muhammad saws to guide the mankind to the straight path.so if the humanity is on wrong path it is now our duty to tell them the straight path otherwise after they die they have to face the hell fire.it is my humble request to plz join this work .may ALLAH lead all of us to the straight path.wasalam

  9. 9

    Mashkoor Parvez said,

    I agree with you. It is a pure apolitical movement. They talk about the grave and the heavens above. It will be a crime to label such a movement as terrorist or related to terrorism. They preach muslims to become a faith practising muslim and good human being.

  10. 10

    kashif Shahab said,

    Superb….I had certain issues with TJ but many of em are clear now. Thanks for the good work

  11. 11

    ABDUL RAUF said,

    Asslam This is inform to all our brothers let them to go personally for three days he will get his answers of all question. This is the right path in the world.

  12. 12

    Aftab ur rahman said,

    Tabligh is spirtual,pure,non political,non violence miaraculous peacefull movement ,they even forbid the killing of a small ant.

  13. 13

    Aftab ur rahman said,

    Tabligh is spirtual,pure,non political,non violence miaraculous peacefull movement ,they even forbid the killing of a small ant,the only way every body to lead a peaceful life is to join tablighi jamaat,i my self a boy of 21 years and student of university,i spent 40 days in tabligh,these are the peaceful days of my whole life.the tablighi leaders are miaracolous.there are highly educated people in tabligh like doctors,proffessors,army officers,berucrates,lawyers etc.
    It is impossible to link tabligh with terrorism.

  14. 14

    Muhammad Rehan said,

    Mr yoginder sikand i read your column about TJ. Your article totally based on facts.You are well aware about TJ. It is totally a non political and non militant movement. Its objecive is only to make the Akhira better and to be a permanent residence of heaven. I really appreciate you and suggest you to join it as soon as possible. As a muslim its our responsibility to preach like our prophet and Sahaba. And We all are well wishers of all human beings whether muslims or not.

    Jazakum Allah
    Allah hafiz

  15. 15

    Hameed ullah said,

    AlHAMDULILLAH, the only one pure organization in all over the world which struggle for safety,peace,harmony and brotherhood of all humanity.

  16. 16

    Muhammad Shawkat Hasan (Ferozshah, Chittagong) said,

    Assalamu-alaikum to all my muslim brothers & sisters reading this,

    first thing first – Without any doubt, the Mehnat (Activities) of Tablighi-Jamat is the highest most influencial thing being seen around throughout the world in terms of building and strengthening the Emaan and following the correct path of Muhammad Mustafa (Sallallahu Alaihis-Salam).

    Earlier, my whole family had been against this Tablighi-Jamat. Why? We heard all the negative talks regarding this. We didn’t experience it ourselves. And this is the main problem with all people currently seeing this negatively.

    whoever sees this negatively, I’ll request them to spend at least 3 days with this Jamat and experience yourself. Don’t stand against it only through hearing all the negative things from here and there who never spent any time (at least 3 days). Spend for this time-length please and you decide if this Dish-of-Emaan is of any help for the whole mankind, muslims & non-muslims as well.

    And I have no doubt about one fact – if, mankind can win the 7th Continent named “Antarctica” any day and people start living there, I’m sure, Inshallah, Tablighi-Jamat will definitely go there with the flags of Kalima – La ilaha illallah and tariqa (system/teachings) of Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihis-salam, one day by the grace of Almighty Allah.

  17. 17

    Ghassan Hussam Altamim said,

    Without commenting on what Saudi Cleric says about TJ, I found myself there teachings extremely humanity centric. they are always always from worldly affairs. As Saudi is kingdom they also control religious scholars, the Saudi people at large understand this very much now, I am sure Saudi govt. will lift ban on TJ once they knows its no danger to there rule.

  18. 18

    sharib salam said,

    asslam bhai……….i have been with T.J several times and found that to get coonected with ALLAH one must must go to jamait and become an excellent practising muslim…………

  19. 19

    faizan said,

    assalamualaikum thanks brother…tj is the best means to get closer to allah…

  20. 20

    Imran said,

    Me & my family was far away from deen. But after getting in touch with the works of Tabligh Jamaat, Alhamdulillah, we are considering the rules of Allah in every aspect of life and i have met a lot of people whose life changed entirely (positively to deen) because of TJ. It is a great virtue from Allah, we have such a great work in islam even in these bad days. MAY ALLAH GIVE LONG LIFE TO THOSE WHO ARE IN TOP LEVELS OF THIS WORK………AMEEN !

  21. 21

    aqeel said,

    if any body want tablighi material in roman english like adaab e ghust 6 numbers can mail me akhilism@gmail.com

  22. 22

    rajnish mishra said,

    for evolved conciousness religion shall mean spiritual aspects of life and trying to achieve political goal in the name of religion ( spiritual aspect) is nothing but brutal exploitation of gullible population . i shall like to affirm that
    tj is real islam and everyone irrespective of his religion shall support this movement , only these guys can weed out new age hitler and stalins in the grab of islamic sect justifying violence and terrorism and misguiding innocent muslims that they are fulfilling gods will. only movement like tj can save innocent muslim population
    from a sure annihilation along with mass killing of people following other religion , infact destruction of human civilization and may be human beings as a species shall become history . so tj has to be supported.

  23. 23

    Mohammad Abdullah said,

    Slam to All Muslim Brothers, I had remember when i was studying in inter my Kalma pronoun cession was not correct and also Namaz, I was Muslim but do not know that what is Islam and what isthe purpose of my life, why i come in this world. But When i join the TJ my whole life entirely change. Spread the Islam is the first duty of every Muslim Because Prophet Mohammad PBUH is the last Messenger of Allah SWT no more prophet will come. And Dawa work is proved from Holy Quran and Hadith.

  24. 24

    a.rehman patel said,

    very nice analyses on tablihi jamaat (TJ), many times i went with them and attended may ijtima. its pure religious organisation well organised and devoute to the islamic brotherhood and humanity. i hv opposition with setain issue with them but in all i agreed theire motive and theire very sincerity. one of the best organisation of the world which dont hv any registration, memebership form, president, no donation, no collective finanace. no advertisement, no media compaigning, and i consider the world’s biggest wel manage unoffical muslim organisation.

  25. 25

    Syed Abdul Lathif Madhraasi said,

    ASSALAA MU ALIYKUM…
    First we all Muslims must thank ALLAAH SUBHAANAWO THAALAA for giving this Efforts of Dawah at the very near stage of Qhayamth.This is a pure humbled request to all Muslims in the world to go in Thableeg Jamaath,if anybody have any Disabilities like Blindness,Duff n Dum or Handicap,they also must go in TJ.People with these disabilities are giving their time and making efforts for their IMAAN & AAMAAL.

    MAA SALAAMA.

  26. 26

    nizam said,

    TRUE but not true, Actually the purpose of tabligh is to ask all muslim to be responseble for other muslim…
    i ve been with them,spent the longest time in TJ, which is 4 month.
    i ve been to the world centre tablighi markas…nizamudin aulia mosque..
    there is nothing wrong with this movement.

  27. 27

    Faisal Mumtaz said,

    The only strongest weapon a muslim can have is “EMAAN”. The stronger the EMAAN the more stronger help from ALLAH. Further with strong EMAAN only two rakaath of Namaaz (Salah) has so much power even more than an atomic bomb, believe me.

    Tableegh is a great movement it is not jamaat. its is the duty of every muslim to live according to islam and spread islam to all mankind.

    Tableegh movement is greatest and do believe that with this movement and the muslim doing tableegh there is a direct-direct-direct help of ALLAH with them.

    May ALLAH give us courage to perform this work as 1st priority and aim.

    ALLAH hafiz

  28. 28

    Alhamdulillah, This is very useful article… My request for my brothers and sisters is to write more articles like this! There is more people dieng with the bad thought about this work coz the media is spreading lies about Tabligh, everyone of Muslims should join with this work and see the truthfulness and deep of this work.

  29. 29

    sabbir ahamed said,

    I have no doubt tht tj is the best organisation in the world.top to bottom all category peoples involved in this. It’s only for compassinn and assistance of Allah to ths mehnat.i belive that tj is not only for akhirat but also it will be able to establish peace,justice,dignitx and humanity in our broken society. InsaALLAH!

  30. 30

    Rafiq kantunda said,

    Tablighi Jamaat is not an organisation but a responsibility to every muslim

  31. 31

    Adnan Khan said,

    my all family members and myself spent many times in Tj such as 4 months and 7 month in Nigeria, Indonesia and kenya…This is only solution for our all problems in present scenario…and also in the day of Aakhrat……………………………………Adnan khan, Hyderabad, Sindh

  32. 32

    Saniya Shaikh said,

    I don’t want 2 say about Tj except that………………….ONLY SOLUTION

  33. 33

    sajid said,

    tablighi jammat is very needful for the future for eveyone . “to every muslims”
    it is vry useful for this world and after death” aakhra”

  34. 34

    Minhaj said,

    Salam

    Absolutley this is the only work would lead to Jannah, and we are not doing it for others but for our own good and islah. Who are we to give davah? but we go out in the path of Allah to purify ourself first. This is the best work that can bring us on right path. Ask those who have spent their time in tabligh and how their life has changed. Also how beneficial it is? May Allah give striength to all who are making effort in tabligh(ameen).

    Minhaj

  35. 35

    The only strongest weapon a muslim can have is “EMAAN”. The stronger the EMAAN the more stronger help from ALLAH. Further with strong EMAAN only two rakaath of Namaaz (Salah) has so much power even more than an atomic bomb, believe me.

    Tableegh is a great movement it is not jamaat. its is the duty of every muslim to live according to islam and spread islam to all mankind.

    Tableegh movement is greatest and do believe that with this movement and the muslim doing tableegh there is a direct-direct-direct help of ALLAH with them.

    May ALLAH give us courage to perform this work as 1st priority and aim.

    ALLAH hafiz

  36. 36

    Irfan said,

    Assalam Alikum,
    I was atheist (almost nonbeliever) i always used to deny and used to raise a question if Allah (SWT) is exists then show me, but now with the mercy of Allah (SWT) and efforts of this great mehanat i have a strong faith on Allah (SWT) and his great Rasul Sallalahu alaihi wasallam.

  37. 37

    Olaiya Waheed Afolabi said,

    Assalam alaikum.Thank for your researh about TJ.Though TJ focusing on how entire muslim will be following Quran and Hadith.In the same vain,how Muslims will get success in this world,grave and the hereafter.I don’t know why people are criticising TJ.Not only common people,even our scholars condeming TJ.I have participated in TJ programmes,have not seen any hidden agenda there.I went for three days,ten days,fourty days striving in the path of Allah.When backed home,I started five amal programme.Thank Allah all efforts of dawah are still going on.Sincerely speaking all Muslims suppose to join TJ movement.May Allah guide entire muslims to the right path and may HE allow us to end our journey in paradise.Masalam.

  38. 38

    Alamdeen Siddiqui said,

    Dears All Mankinds–
    There are lot of questions, such as why you came in this world? What is GOD want to you? What will happen after death?
    You can find lot of answer about above question, because there are lot of answer about these question in this world.but not sure anyone. So you also being confused.TJ is a boon for all mankinds. enev Muslim also because most have hem have forgot their aim such as why they came in the world and what will happen after daeth.

    So i request all mankind Please spent time with TJ member and try to understad why they came in this world and what will happen after daeth

  39. 39

    Alamdeen Siddiqui said,

    Dears All Mankinds–
    There are lot of questions, such as why you came in this world? What GOD want to you? What will happen after death?
    You can find lot of answer about above question, because there are lot of answer about these question in this world.but anyone not sure. So you also being confused.TJ is a boon for all mankinds. enev Muslim also because most of them have forgot their aim such as why they came in the world and what will happen after death.

    So i request all of mankind Please spent time with TJ member and try to understad why they came in this world and what will happen after daeth
    REMEMBER YOU HAVE FIRST AND LAST CHANCE.TOU CAN NOTHING AFTER DEATH.

  40. 40

    Alamdeen Siddiqui said,

    Dears All Mankinds–
    There are lot of questions, such as why you came in this world? What GOD want to you? What will happen after death?
    You can find lot of answer about above question, because there are lot of answer about these question in this world.but anyone not sure. So you also being confused.TJ is a boon for all mankinds. even Muslim also because most of them have forgot their aim such as why they came in the world and what will happen after death.

    So i request all of mankind Please spent time with TJ member and try to understad why they came in this world and what will happen after daeth
    REMEMBER YOU HAVE ONLY FIRST AND LAST CHANCE(when ever you are alive).YOU CAN NOTHING AFTER DEATH.

  41. 41

    Abdul Semiu - Abdul Ganiyu - Nigeria said,

    I thank Subuhanalahi wata’ala for my life, ‘cos He opened my eyes after I joined dis effort ( TJ ) I realised dat I was sleeping bf, now I wake up to face reality. I now know d purpose of my exestience in dis world. You don’t have to blame dis people dat is against TJ, if only they try their best and attend 3 day outing, WALAHI, dey would go inside the deep ocean and preach DAWAH to all Allah’s creations 4 Imaan Yekheen. Currently, my first son in a college is now in 40 days teshkyl using his long term holiday and sending prayer to me 4 giving him dis opportunity to be in a company of Honest and Trueth seekers. May Allah show us the straight path. Ameen

  42. 42

    aqib said,

    Tabligh jamat is the only solution for all issues of Akhirah.

  43. 43

    Salahuddin Ahmed said,

    I have been in TJ many times. Not even once they told me to undertake voilence or break any law. The only thing they taught me is to fear god and ask forgiveness and pray for out brothers and sisters. Alhamdulillah what i learnt from these people is to be humble and to have patience at all times. I some times cry when i recall how these people are spread across the world forgoing their pleasures and sleep. Jazakallah khair to these people.

  44. 44

    AmjadBhai said,

    وَمَن يُعَظِّمْ شَعَائِرَ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّهَا مِن تَقْوَى الْقُلُوبِ

    22-032

    قُلْ هَـذِهِ سَبِيلِي أَدْعُو إِلَى اللّهِ عَلَى بَصِيرَةٍ أَنَاْ وَمَنِ اتَّبَعَنِي وَسُبْحَانَ اللّهِ وَمَا أَنَاْ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ
    12-108


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